scale1 [ skeıl ] noun ***
▸ 1 size/degree/level/rate
▸ 2 arranged set
▸ 3 relationship of distance
▸ 4 for weighing
▸ 5 series of musical notes
▸ 6 hard flat piece of skin
▸ 7 substance on pipes
1. ) singular or uncount the size of something, especially when it is big:
scale of: Is the Government aware of the full scale of the problem?
on a large/small/grand/massive etc. scale: This is sculpture on a grand scale.
a ) the rate at which something is produced, developed, etc.:
scale of: The scale of production in the factory has increased this year.
2. ) usually singular a set of people or things arranged in order from the highest level to the lowest or from the lowest level to the highest:
The rich are at the top of the social scale.
At the other end of the scale are worms and the tiny sea creatures.
a ) a range of measurements in a particular system:
the Celsius scale of temperature
on a scale of 1 to 10: Rate these movies on a scale of 1 to 10.
b ) a list showing the amount of money that someone should be paid for a particular job, according to their qualifications, experience, etc.:
Our scale of fees is shown on the next page.
Expenses will be paid in accordance with the agreed scale.
salary/pay/fee scale: The salary scale is $22,086 to $32,311.
union scale (=the rate agreed by the employers and the workers' union for a job): We're required to pay union scale to everyone who works on-site.
c ) a set of marks, usually lines and numbers, on a piece of equipment or a drawing used for measuring something:
the vertical scale on the graph
3. ) count or uncount the relationship between the actual distance or size of something and how it is shown on a map or in a drawing or model:
This map has a scale of 1:20,000.
a scale of a half-inch to the mile
a ) a scale model/drawing etc. a small copy of something larger in which each part is made smaller by the same amount so that the relation between them is the same as in the original thing:
a scale model of the Great Pyramid
b ) to scale with all the parts the right size in relation to each other:
Is the drawing of the bridge to scale?
4. ) count usually plural a piece of equipment used for weighing people or things:
He weighed himself on the bathroom scales.
a pair/set of scales
=> TIP 2
5. ) count a series of musical notes in a fixed order from the lowest to the highest or the highest to the lowest:
She was practicing scales on her new piano.
6. ) count usually plural one of the small hard flat pieces of skin on the body of a fish, snake, or similar animal
7. ) uncount a hard white substance that forms on the inside of water pipes and containers that are regularly used for heating water: LIMESCALE
the scales fell from my eyes MAINLY LITERARY
used for saying that you suddenly realized the truth about something
scale 2 [ skeıl ] verb transitive
1. ) to climb to or over the top of a high steep object such as a mountain or a wall:
Student protesters scaled an 8-foot fence to enter the Embassy grounds.
2. ) to remove scales from fish
a ) to remove scale from teeth
to achieve a high level of success in a particular activity:
The team scaled new heights with their World Series victory.
They never dreamed of scaling such dizzy heights.
,scale `back or ,scale `down phrasal verb transitive
to make something smaller in size, amount, etc. than it used to be:
The company is scaling back its plans for new stores.
They've scaled back their expenditure considerably.
a scaled-down peacekeeping force
,scale `up phrasal verb transitive
to make something larger in size, amount, etc. than it used to be:
An order this size means scaling up our production capacity.

Usage of the words and phrases in modern English. 2013.

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Look at other dictionaries:

  • SCALE-UP — is a learning environment specifically created to facilitate active, collaborative learning in a studio like setting. Some people think the rooms look more like restaurants than classrooms [ J. Gaffney, E. Richards, M.B. Kustusch, L. Ding, and R …   Wikipedia

  • scale — scale1 [skāl] n. [ME < LL scala (in Vulg., Jacob s ladder) < L, usually as pl., scalae, flight of stairs, ladder < * scandsla < scandere, to climb: see DESCEND] 1. Obs. a) a ladder or flight of stairs b) any means of ascent 2 …   English World dictionary

  • Scale — Scale, n. [Cf. AS. scealu, scalu, a shell, parings; akin to D. schaal, G. schale, OHG. scala, Dan. & Sw. skal a shell, Dan. ski[ae]l a fish scale, Goth. skalja tile, and E. shale, shell, and perhaps also to scale of a balance; but perhaps rather… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Scale — Scale, n. [L. scalae, pl., scala staircase, ladder; akin to scandere to climb. See {Scan}; cf. {Escalade}.] 1. A ladder; a series of steps; a means of ascending. [Obs.] [1913 Webster] 2. Hence, anything graduated, especially when employed as a… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • scale — Ⅰ. scale [1] ► NOUN 1) each of the small overlapping plates protecting the skin of fish and reptiles. 2) a thick dry flake of skin. 3) a white deposit formed in a kettle, boiler, etc. by the evaporation of water containing lime. 4) tartar formed… …   English terms dictionary

  • Scale — (sk[=a]l), n. [AS. sc[=a]le; perhaps influenced by the kindred Icel. sk[=a]l balance, dish, akin also to D. schaal a scale, bowl, shell, G. schale, OHG. sc[=a]la, Dan. skaal drinking cup, bowl, dish, and perh. to E. scale of a fish. Cf. {Scale}… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Scale — Scale, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Scaled}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Scaling}.] To weigh or measure according to a scale; to measure; also, to grade or vary according to a scale or system. [1913 Webster] Scaling his present bearing with his past. Shak. [1913… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Scale — Scale, v. t. 1. To strip or clear of scale or scales; as, to scale a fish; to scale the inside of a boiler. [1913 Webster] 2. To take off in thin layers or scales, as tartar from the teeth; to pare off, as a surface. If all the mountains were… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Scale — Scale, v. t. [Cf. It. scalare, fr. L. scalae, scala. See {Scale} a ladder.] To climb by a ladder, or as if by a ladder; to ascend by steps or by climbing; to clamber up; as, to scale the wall of a fort. [1913 Webster] Oft have I scaled the craggy …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Scale-up —   [skeɪl ʌp, englisch] das, , Bezeichnung für die Maßstabsvergrößerung bei Anlagen der Verfahrenstechnik. Nach der häufig angewandten Ähnlichkeitstheorie werden bei der Übertragung von Laborergebnissen in den großtechnischen Maßstab möglichst… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • scale — [n1] graduated system calibration, computation, degrees, extent, gamut, gradation, hierarchy, ladder, order, pecking order*, progression, proportion, range, ranking, rate, ratio, reach, register, rule, scope, sequence, series, spectrum, spread,… …   New thesaurus

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